The modern state of Angola was established in 1975, when it won its freedom from Portugal. However, peace did not accompany Angola's independence. Instead, fighting between nationalist groups launched the country into nearly three decades of civil war. Although the civil war ended a decade ago, its effects are still being felt. Angola's people are among the poorest in the world, and it is home to more land mines than any other country. Angola does have some advantages, including vast reserves of diamonds and oil. Angolans hope to use the wealth from these resources to rebuild their shattered society.