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Illustrated by August Hall

About The Book

Keeper was born in the ocean, and she believes she is part mermaid. So as a ten-year-old she goes out looking for her mother—an unpredictable and uncommonly gorgeous woman who swam away when Keeper was three—and heads right for the ocean, right for the sandbar where mermaids are known to gather. But her boat is too small for the surf—and much too small for the storm that is brewing on the horizon.

Kathi Appelt follows her award-winning and New York Times bestselling novel The Underneath with this stunning, mysterious, and breathtaking tale of a girl who outgrows fairy tales just a little too late—and learns in the end that there is nothing more magical and mythical than love itself.

Reading Group Guide

Keeper by Kathi Appelt
A Discussion Guide

Prereading Activity
References to mermaids and mermen are woven throughout the story of Keeper and her family.  Ask students to form small groups to investigate the legends and folklore surrounding mermaids and mermen.  Ask each group to research one of the following: Sedna, Ningyo, sirens, Meerfrau, Yemaya, Lorelei, and Rusalka.  Have students prepare a presentation for  the class that would include their findings and a picture of their subject.

Discussion Questions
1.  What is a blue moon? How often does a blue moon occur?  What important events supposedly occur on the night of a blue moon?  

2.  Why does the author allow the reader to see the human characters from Sinbad and BD’s points-of-view?  How do the animals portray the humans?  What do the readers learn about the animals that they wouldn’t know if they were not able to read the account from the animals’ points-of-view?

3.  On page 92, Keeper refers to “double insurance.”  What does she mean by that phrase?  How does Keeper gain “double insurance”?

4.  What does the reader learn about Signe through Keeper’s descriptions and interactions with her?  How would you describe Keeper and Signe’s relationship?

5.  Keeper’s biggest fear is that everyone she loves will leave her just as her mother did. (p. 105)  What proof does Keeper have that her fear is unfounded?  Why is her fear so real to her?  What has happened to unleash Keeper’s fear?

6.  As Keeper waits in The Scamper for the tide to rise, why does she have second thoughts?  What are her second thoughts?  Why does she continue to ignore her instincts?

7.  Signe’s stock answer to questions for which she doesn’t have the answers is, “That is a question for the universe.”  How can a question for the universe be answered?  Why isn’t Signe willing to discuss those questions with Keeper?

8.  The night Keeper takes The Scamper out through the cut, for what does each character wish?  How are their wishes granted?  Is it a night for the “magic of wishes”? Why or why not?

9.  How does the trauma of almost drowning in The Scamper allow Keeper to remember the truth about her mother, Meggie Marie?  What is the truth about Keeper, her mother, and Signe?  How did Keeper get her name?

10.  Dogie, Signe, and Mr. Beauchamp all lose something important to them as a result of Keeper’s choices.  What do they lose?  How does each of the characters cope with their loss?  What does Keeper lose?  How does she find it?

11.  What roles do BD, Sinbad, Too, and Captain play in Keeper’s story?  How do they help save her life?

12.  What connection does Jacques de Mer have to Mr. Beauchamp?  What signal calls Jacques de Mer to The Scamper to save Keeper’s life?

13.  What makes Mr. Beauchamp, Dogie, Signe, and Keeper a family of sorts?  In spite of the hurt feelings, how does the day and night of the blue moon draw the four characters closer together?

Activities & Projects
1.  Keeper’s story occurs in a twelve- to fifteen-hour period of time.  Ask students to think of a time when an important event, either positive or negative, has happened in their family or with their friends over a similar time period.  Then ask students to make a time line of events, listing all of the major occurrences and illustrating them. Using the time line as a storyboard, have students write a personal narrative of the events including sensory details, dialogue, and character thoughts, where appropriate. Share and post time lines and narratives in the classroom.

2.  Ask students to select a partner and to study the setting of the book, the gulf coast of Texas, just south of Houston.  Students can investigate the marine and animal life, climate and weather, tide and currents, occupations and recreation, and other aspects of living on the coast in South Texas.  Ask students to be creative with the final product and to produce a tourism brochure for a remote beach, a videotape or CD commercial advertising the Gulf Coast attractions, or a layout for a proposed website for the Houston, Texas,, coastal area.

3.  Ask each student to select a character in the novel and, using the persona of that character, to write a letter to another character.  Based on what the reader knows about the relationship between the characters and the personality of the characters, the letter should include apologies, if necessary; an explanation of what the character means to the letter writer; positive attributes of the character being written to; and other heartfelt expressions of love and/or friendship.

4.  Dogie owned a surf store of sorts on the coast.  Ask students to research surfing and to report on one aspect of the sport: the equipment, the types of surf, how to surf, or a biography of a famous surfer.  Create a classroom bulletin board with the information.

5.  BD, Sinbad, Too, and Captain all seem to understand their humans and to know how to communicate with them.  The animals also seem to have an intuition for sensing danger.   Have students interview zoo or ranch personnel, pet store owners, veterinarians, family members or friends inquiring about similar animal experiences.   Have students choose a format to share their research: in terviews, personal narratives, poems, etc. Compile their accounts into a classroom book.

About the Book
Keeper believes in magic, wishes, and the wonder of mermaids.  It is these beliefs that cause her to have the worst day in her ten-year-old life—all because she hears the crabs asking her to set them free. Stupid crabs!  First, she breaks Signe’s bowl when she slips on water, setting the crabs free.  Then she allows her dog, BD, to chase the cat, Sinbad, which leads to the destruction of Mr. Beauchamp’s antique roses and Dogie’s prized ukulele.  She knows the only way to fix the mess she has created is to find her mother, Meggie Marie, the mermaid. Making an elaborate plan to meet the mermaids at the cut on the night of the blue moon, Keeper borrows Dogie’s small boat, but the blue moon doesn’t cooperate, and the tide carries her far out to sea.  With her life hanging in the balance, her animal friends come to her rescue in a bizarre way, and she even receives help from the mysterious Jacques de Mer.  Keeper learns the hard way what love is and isn’t and, more importantly, how families stick together through thick and thin.

About the Author
Kathi Appelt is an award-winning author of children’s books, poetry, short stories, and novels.  Ms. Appelt teaches creative writing to both children and adults and lives in College Station, Texas.  She is married and has two grown

About The Author

Photograph courtesy of the author

Kathi Appelt is the author of the Newbery Honoree, National Book Award finalist, and bestselling The Underneath as well as the National Book Award finalist The True Blue Scouts of Sugar Man SwampMaybe a Fox (with Alison McGhee), Keeper, and many picture books including Counting Crows and Max Attacks. She has two grown children and lives in College Station, Texas, with her husband. Visit her at

About The Illustrator

August Hall has brought his creative talent to both Pixar and Dreamworks. He lives in Hollywood, California.

Product Details

Awards and Honors

  • School Library Journal Best Books of the Year
  • CCBC Choices (Cooperative Children's Book Council)
  • NCTE Notable Children's Books in the Language Arts
  • Parents' Choice Approved Award Winner
  • Kirkus Best Children's Book
  • North Carolina Young Adult Book Award Nominee

Resources and Downloads

High Resolution Images

More books from this author: Kathi Appelt

More books from this illustrator: August Hall